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Spinal Fractures Due to Osteoporosis (Bone Loss)

Osteoporosis or osteoporosis; It is a disease that increases the possibility of bone fracture due to the decrease in calcium in the bone structure.


What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition known as osteoporosis. It can cause the bones to weaken and become close to fracture. With the progression of the disease, while the density of the bones decreases, on the other hand, their quality deteriorates.

Osteoporosis is often not recognized until fractures occur, in cases where bone loss gradually progresses. When skeletal system diseases are mentioned, osteoporosis, which is the most common disease in the world, is more common especially in women after menopause.

Bone Resorption Complaints

Osteoporotic fractures are most commonly seen in the spine, wrist, areas close to the shoulder and hip. These fractures may occur with a slight fall or impact.

An important clue in the identification of osteoporosis disease is shortening in stature. This is due to compression fractures in the vertebrae. Shortening of stature in people can occur as 10-15 cm from the height they had when they were young.

When osteoporotic spine fractures occur, patients experience severe back pain. As the number of these fractures increases over time, the height of the patients can change drastically and a hump on the back occurs.

Depression, sleep disorders, inability to perform daily life activities occur in patients, and all these results lead to deterioration in the quality of life of the patients.

Osteoporosis (Bone Loss) Diagnosis

The patient's history is important. Trauma is one of the most important causes, rarely there may be no history of trauma. Direct X-rays, computed tomography, MRI should be taken for differential diagnosis and to see the nature of the fracture.

Osteoporosis (Bone Loss) Treatment

The primary goal in the treatment of osteoporosis is to prevent fracture. Treatments for osteoporosis must be used.

Osteoporotic spine fracture treatment covers a wide spectrum from bed rest to surgical intervention.

The aim of the treatment is to control the patient's pain and to correct the deteriorated anatomical structure of the patient.

The approach of non-surgical treatment is to reduce the patient's pain, apply bed rest and use a corset.

However, in cases of vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis, bed rest due to the advanced age of the patients causes a decrease in the amount of muscle and a further decrease in bone density.


It is a closed technique applied with special needle-like tools. With X-ray guidance, special needles are inserted in the fractured spine and bone cement is given in the fractured spine to strengthen the bone. It is also known as cementing surgery among the people.


In kyphoplasty, unlike vertebroplasty, a special balloon is placed inside the fractured spine. The balloon is inflated so that the height of the collapsed spine is corrected. Bone cement is injected into the raised area and bone is strengthened.

The important thing in spinal compression fractures is to prevent the formation of osteoporosis and to initiate the most appropriate treatment in patients diagnosed with osteoporosis. In the case of vertebrae with a compression fracture, both of these two surgical techniques can be used safely and patients can return to their daily life activities in the early period.

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