In many people, spinal fractures can occur due to many factors. These factors can sometimes be a traffic accident, and sometimes bone resorption due to osteoporosis. In any case, it is a delicate condition that needs to be treated urgently. So how do spinal fractures occur? What are the symptoms and treatment methods? Let's examine it together...
How Do Spinal Fractures Occur?
Approximately 70% of spinal fractures occur in the back and lumbar region. They can occur with situations such as accidents or injuries, or as a result of stress fractures that develop due to osteoporosis or fatigue in the bone.
They can also occur in a way that can cause a mild soft tissue trauma or spinal cord injury. In cases where the spinal cord is injured, paralysis can occur.
The most common type of fracture in spine fractures is compression fractures caused by the collapse of the anterior part of the vertebra. In burst fractures caused by the increase in the load on the spine, the spinal cord may be damaged if the pressure on the spine increases.
Burst fractures are much more likely to result in spinal cord injury and paralysis. With the increase in the load on the spine, not only the bones are broken, but also injuries to the discs, ligaments or joints can occur.
In this case, which is called fracture dislocation, spinal cord injury is also seen. Surgical intervention is usually necessary when these types of spinal fractures, which are more difficult to heal, occur.
It is possible to list the situations where spinal fractures occur frequently as follows:
- Falling, sports or other accidents (firearm injuries, traffic accident, falling from a height, etc.),
- spinal tumors,
Patients between the ages of 18 and 50 constitute 80 percent of patients with spinal fractures. Men are four times more likely to have a spinal fracture than women.