What is a Herniated Disc?
Lumbar hernia, briefly, refers to a problem with the elastic structures (disks) between the vertebrae and forming our spine.
A normal disk has a soft jelly-like centre, a core enclosed in a harder and more rubbery outer ring. In what has been termed a slipped disc or ruptured disc, a portion of the nucleus protrudes through a tear, resulting in a herniated disc.
A herniated disc, which can occur anywhere in the spine, can press and irritate a nearby nerve. Depending on where in our spine, a herniated disc can cause pain, numbness, or weakness in an arm or leg.
Many people have no symptoms from a herniated disc. Surgery is not usually necessary to correct the problem.
Lumbar Hernia Complaints
Most of the hernias can occur in the neck as well as in the waist. Complaints and findings depend on where the hernia develops and whether the disc is pressing on any nerve. And they usually affect one side of the body.
Arm or leg pain: If the herniated disc is in the lower back, the most pain is usually in the hips, thighs, and calves. There may also be pain in one part of the foot. If the herniated disc is in the neck, the most pain is usually felt in the shoulder and arm. This pain can radiate into the arm or leg when coughing, sneezing, or moving in certain positions. The pain is often described as sharp, burning, or stabbing.
Numbness or tingling: In people with a herniated disc, it can cause numbness or tingling in whichever part of our body the nerves under pressure control.
Weakness: the muscles directed by the nerves under pressure tend to weaken. This can cause you to stumble while walking or affect your ability to lift or hold objects. In rare cases, you may have a herniated disc without any symptoms. You may not know you have it unless it appears on radiological imaging.