Chronic pain seriously affects quality of life. As it can cause other physical ailments, it also creates serious mental problems. It can cause serious disruptions in business life, education life and daily life.
Therefore, patients with chronic pain complaints should initiate a treatment process in order to improve their quality of life. So what is chronic pain, how does it manifest itself, and what are the currently used treatment methods? Now let's take a look at all the details together...
What is Chronic Pain?
Pain that differs from person to person, the exact cause is usually unknown and lasts longer than 3 months is called chronic pain. These long-term pains can be of high intensity. It can be seen continuously for more than 3 months, or it can have a frequently recurring course. In acute pain, the problem is usually damaged tissues. However, this cannot be said for chronic pain. Chronic pain may occur due to damaged tissues, but also may result from pain memory in the relevant centers of the brain and sensitive areas around the spine.
Diagnosis and treatment in chronic pain is much more difficult than in normal pain. On the other hand, it is possible to talk about a relationship between the emotional states of patients and chronic pain. As a matter of fact, it has been observed that the pain intensifies when patients feel stressed, anxious or sad.
Normal pain is often a symptom of another disease. But rather than a symptom of a chronic disease, it is the disease itself. It is also possible to explain chronic pain that can be seen all over the body as follows: Even if the condition causing the pain disappears, pain messages continue to be sent to the brain.
Thus, pain creates a space for itself in the brain. We can list the damages that chronic pain will cause to the quality of life as follows:
- It weakens the immune system,
- It creates negative effects physically and psychologically and causes disruption of daily life routine,
- There is a decrease in mobility, flexibility, endurance and strength,
- Sleep problems begin to occur,
- Productivity is reduced and workforce is negatively affected,
- Social relations may deteriorate due to reasons such as anxiety and depression,
- As the pain increases, depression may occur and the pain may worsen due to depression.
Therefore, chronic pain should be seen as a psychological disorder as well as a physical one. Today, approaches developed against chronic pain are like this.