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Although health technologies and medicine have made great progress, the exact causes of some diseases cannot be determined exactly. One of these diseases is fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia, which usually manifests itself with severe pain, can be quite challenging in daily life. So what is fibromyalgia, how does it manifest itself and can it be treated? Let's see together...


What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia, which is considered a chronic disease, manifests itself with pain in the muscles and bones. When fibromyalgia occurs, general areas of sensitivity occur throughout the body. It can also be evaluated as a rheumatic pain syndrome.

This disease, which is seen in approximately 3 percent of the society, can negatively affect the quality of life. The incidence of fibromyalgia is 3 times higher in women than in men. Fibromyalgia is often compared to other diseases because it has no known clear cause.

Treatment of fibromyalgia, a disease that can last for a long time, can be quite challenging. Because it is difficult to determine the causes. In the treatment process, drugs are generally used, manual therapy methods are applied or lifestyle changes are made. It is thought that there are approximately 1.3 million fibromyalgia patients in our country.

Causes of Fibromyalgia

The exact cause of fibromyalgia has not been determined. It can develop due to conditions such as infection, stress or trauma, or it can occur due to hereditary reasons. For example, people with close relatives with fibromyalgia are 8 times more likely to develop the disease. On the other hand, with the decrease in the pain threshold due to some reasons, conditions that were not painful before may have started to hurt. The factors that are thought to cause fibromyalgia today are listed as follows:

  • Infections: Various infectious diseases are known to cause fibromyalgia or make symptoms worse.
  • Stress and Trauma: One of the hormonal disorders that can cause fibromyalgia is stress. Stress caused by physical or emotional traumas can have long-term effects on the human body.
  • Genetic Factors: There is a possibility of fibromyalgia among family members.
  • Personality Structure: People with a sensitive structure who can be affected by small events are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than normal people.

Apart from all these, it is known that gastrointestinal tract infections caused by bacteria such as salmonella and shigella, along with influenza and pneumonia, can cause fibromyalgia.


Fibromyalgia Symptoms

The most common symptom of fibromyalgia is pain in sensitive areas. It is possible to list other symptoms that may occur with fibromyalgia as follows:

  • Sleep problems and fatigue
  • Anxiety and depressed mood
  • Feeling sleepless and tired despite sleeping for a long time,
  • Difficulty concentrating or paying attention
  • Headache,
  • Difficulty in breathing,
  • Ringing in the ears,
  • Pain in the lower abdomen,
  • Do not tire easily during exercise.

The appearance of these symptoms does not indicate that the person has fibromyalgia. It may only indicate fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia symptoms in women are more pronounced than in men. In women, menstrual period can cause exacerbation of pain. Menopause can also cause increased symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia Diagnosis and Treatment Methods

Diagnosing fibromyalgia is quite difficult. Because the symptoms that occur are the symptoms that can occur in other diseases as well. Because there is no test to diagnose fibromyalgia directly, it can often be confused with other diseases. However, the following methods can be used for diagnosis:

  • Performing the physical examination by listening to the patient's story,
  • Laboratory tests,
  • Muscle and joint strength examination.

If fibromyalgia is diagnosed as a result of these tests, various treatment methods may be recommended by the doctor.


Fibromyalgia is a disease that is usually treated with medication. Pain relievers, antiepileptic drugs and antidepressants can be used during treatment. Along with drug therapy, physical therapy and manual therapy can also be used.

He may also advise patients to make some lifestyle changes.

For example, getting acupuncture, meditation or yoga, going to massage therapy, eating a balanced and healthy diet, exercising regularly and getting enough sleep are some of them.

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